By Khaled Suleiman & Mohamed Misto
More than 361,000 people have been killed in Syria as the conflict in the Arab country enters its sixth year, according to an Anadolu Agency tally.
In early 2011, the Bashar al-Assad regime cracked down on pro-democracy protests with unexpected ferocity, leading the country to fall into civil war.
The Anadolu Agency tally shows that among those killed in the five-year conflict, 235,140 were civilians.
The highest number of deaths was reported in Aleppo (71,000), Damascus (67,000), Idlib (36,000) and Daraa (28,000).
Around 180,000 people have been detained by Assad forces, the tally shows.
According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR), 194,208 civilians were killed in opposition-held areas, including 183,827 killed by regime forces and 2,984 killed by Russian airstrikes.
The U.K.-based NGO said that 2,196 civilians were killed by Daesh terrorists, 356 killed by al-Nusra Front and 416 killed by the PYD, the Syrian affiliate of the terrorist PKK organization.
According to the SNHR, 311 civilians were killed in raids by the anti-Daesh coalition, 2,959 killed by opposition groups and 2,159 killed by unknown groups.
The NGO cited that 21,387 women have been killed in the Syria conflict, of whom 19,427 were killed by regime forces, 286 by Russian raids, 44 by PYD, 337 by Daesh, 68 by Nusra Front, 82 by coalition planes and 1,143 by unknown groups.
The network went on to note that more than 20,000 children were killed since the conflict erupted.
According to the NGO, 19,594 children were killed in regime attacks, 443 by Russian raids, 61 by PYD, 307 by Daesh, 97 by coalition attacks and 406 by unknown groups.
The report showed that 12,558 people were tortured to death -- 12,486 by regime forces, 17 by PYD, 22 by Daesh, 14 by Nusra militants and 19 by unknown groups.
According to the report, 536 journalists were killed in Syria in the past five years, the majority of whom were slain by regime forces (479).
The report showed that 609 medics were killed since 2011, of whom 553 were slain by the Assad regime, 11 by Russian raids, three by PYD and 19 by Daesh.
The network said that 14,652 civilians were killed in barrel bombs, including 2,896 children and 2,672 women. More than 4,000 schools and 2,146 mosques were damaged in the attacks, the NGO said.
The network noted that 901 people have been starved to death in areas besieged by regime forces, including 294 children and 189 women.